By Robert D. Kaplan
In this provocative, startling booklet, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling writer of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, bargains a revelatory new prism wherein to view worldwide upheavals and to appreciate what lies forward for continents and international locations round the world.
In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds at the insights, discoveries, and theories of serious geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the close to and far away previous to seem again at serious pivots in historical past after which to appear ahead on the evolving international scene. Kaplan strains the background of the world’s sizzling spots by way of studying their climates, topographies, and proximities to different embattled lands. The Russian steppe’s pitiless weather and restricted crops bred demanding and harsh males bent on destruction, for instance, whereas Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics completely, calculating that house at the globe utilized by the British Empire and the Soviet Union might be swallowed via a better German homeland.
Kaplan then applies the teachings realized to the current crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab center East. the result's a holistic interpretation of the subsequent cycle of clash all through Eurasia. Remarkably, the long run should be understood within the context of temperature, land allotment, and different actual certainties: China, capable of feed basically 23 percentage of its humans from land that's merely 7 percentage arable, has sought strength, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, placing it in ethical clash with the U.S.. Afghanistan’s porous borders will hold it the primary invasion direction into India, and an important rear base for Pakistan, India’s major enemy. Iran will make the most the benefit of being the single kingdom that straddles either energy-producing parts of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. eventually, Kaplan posits that the USA may well rue accomplishing far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan instead of tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, that's at the verge of changing into a semifailed nation because of drug cartel carnage.
a super rebuttal to thinkers who recommend that globalism will trump geography, this crucial paintings indicates how undying truths and ordinary proof can assist hinder this century’s looming cataclysms.
Praise for The Revenge of Geography
“[An] bold and not easy new e-book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays an impressive snatch of latest international politics and serves as a robust reminder that it's been the planet’s geophysical configurations, up to the circulate of competing religions and ideologies, that experience formed human conflicts, previous and present.”—Malise Ruthven, The big apple assessment of Books
“Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and highbrow whose fourteen books represent a bedrock of penetrating exposition and research at the post-Cold battle international . . . strips away a lot of the cant that suffuses public discourse nowadays on worldwide advancements and will get to a primary fact: that geography continues to be this day, because it has been all through heritage, some of the most robust drivers of worldwide events.”—The nationwide Interest
“Kaplan plunges right into a planetary assessment that's usually exciting in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic.”—The New Yorker
“[The Revenge of Geography] serves the evidence immediately up. . . . Kaplan’s realism and willingness to stand tough evidence make The Revenge of Geography a helpful antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that regularly masquerade as strategic thought.”—The day-by-day Beast
From the Hardcover edition.