By Andrew Brown, Élisabeth Roudinesco
Author note: Translated through Andrew Brown
Publish 12 months note: First released December sixteenth 2013
What does it suggest to be Jewish? what's an anti-Semite? Why does the enigmatic identification of the boys who based the 1st monotheistic faith arouse such passions?
We have to go back to the Jewish query. we want, first, to differentiate among the anti-Judaism of medieval instances, which persecuted the Jews, and the anti-Judaism of the Enlightenment, which emancipated them whereas being serious in their faith. it's a mistake to confuse the 2 and notice every body from Voltaire to Hitler as anti-Semitic within the similar approach. Then we have to specialise in the advance of anti-Semitism in Europe, in particular Vienna and Paris, the place the Zionist concept used to be born. ultimately, we have to examine the reception of Zionism either within the Arab nations and in the Diaspora.
Re-examining the Jewish query within the mild of those differences and investigations, Roudinesco exhibits that there's a everlasting pressure among the figures of the 'universal Jew' and the 'territorial Jew'. Freud and Jung cut up partially over this factor, which received extra depth after the construction of the nation of Israel in 1948 and the Eichmann trial in 1961. ultimately, Roudinesco turns to the Holocaust deniers, who began to recommend that the Jews had invented the genocide that passed off their humans, and to the expanding variety of highbrow and literary figures who've been accused of anti-Semitism.
This thorough second look of the Jewish query might be of curiosity to scholars and students of recent heritage and modern inspiration and to a large readership attracted to anti-Semitism and the background of the Jews.