Download E-books Flags of the Night Sky: When Astronomy Meets National Pride PDF

By André G. Bordeleau

Many nationwide flags demonstrate astronomical positive aspects – sunlight, Moon, stars – yet are they honestly in line with latest astronomical items? the USA flag activities 50 stars, one for every kingdom, besides the fact that none of them are associated with actual stars. additional, the lunar crescent is frequently formed just like the solar being eclipsed by way of the Moon. every now and then, stars are noticeable correct subsequent to the crescent, the place the darkened disc of the moon may be! This ebook will current actual astronomical items and styles highlighted on nationwide flags and hyperlink informative drugs approximately those items to the political explanation why they have been selected to beautify such a tremendous image.

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While the airborne dirt and dust settled, 22 diggers lay useless, a hundred have been imprisoned and the Eureka flag was once torn down, trampled, hacked with swords, shot at and dragged throughout the dirt. The remnant of the unique flag was once saved by way of a Police constable, John King. It remained along with his kinfolk till it used to be lent to the Ballarat high-quality artwork Gallery in 1895, the place it remained hidden away even if small items of the flag have been every now and then got rid of and provided to vacationing dignitaries. nearly 31 % of the unique specimen is lacking. In 2001, felony possession of the flag used to be transferred to the Ballarat positive artwork Gallery the place it continues to be to at the present time. it really is now regarded as a part of the Australian background. FIG. 2. 12 Restored unique Eureka flag (December 2011) (Image via Steakknife, Wikimedia Commons) Crux: Beacon of the Southern Hemisphere eighty three Australian nation Flags New South Wales FIG. 2. thirteen present New South Wales flag (Image through Clay Moss, http://flag spot. internet) New South Wales used to be officially created on 7 February 1788 and flew the Union Jack until eventually 1867. formally followed in 1876, 25 years ahead of the Australian flag, the present New South Wales country flag used to be initially designed as a colonial flag, essentially a British Blue Ensign with the badge of the colony additional to the fly. The country badge was once designed by way of the Colonial Architect James Barnet and Captain Francis Hixson, a retired Royal military officer. The badge is a white disc with the move of St George (the thick purple go within the Union Jack). In its heart stands a golden lion and an eight-pointed gold big name shines on every one arm of the go. The 4 stars signify Crux whereas the lion displays the royal authority of the Governor. the 1st flag of latest South Wales preceded the present flag by means of approximately a decade. It used to be followed on 10 January 1867. The badge within the fly bore the letters “NSW” in white. eighty four Flags of the evening Sky FIG. 2. 14 New South Wales flag 1867–1870 (Image through Clay Moss, http://flagspot. web) New South Wales followed a brand new flag in 1870 which used to be nearly just like that of the kingdom of Victoria. The badge within the fly portrayed the Southern go, all 5 golden stars diverse sizes as a way to replicate their luminosity, and an imperial crown positioned above the constellation. FIG. 2. 15 New South Wales flag 1870–1876 (Image by means of Clay Moss, http://flagspot. internet) Victoria the present flag dates from 1877. It displayed 5 white stars forming Crux, an imperial crown above the constellation and the Union Jack. It remained an analogous keep for a couple of minor adaptations, the final of which used to be in 1953. The imperial crown has diversified in response to the desires of the monarch of the time. Crux: Beacon of the Southern Hemisphere eighty five in the course of Queen Victoria’s reign, the crown had a bit of dipped arches. Queen Victoria died on September 19, 1901 and the layout of the crown used to be replaced on January 6, 1904. till 1952, through the reigns of Kings Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI, the “Tudor Crown”, with domed arches, was once used. In 1953 the Tudor Crown was once changed with the St Edward’s Crown that is nonetheless in use at the present time.

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