This can be the 1st accomplished background of eire and the British Empire. It examines the various levels of Ireland's colonial prestige from the 17th century until eventually the current, in addition to the influence of Irish humans, politics, and nationalism at the Empire at huge. the result's a brand new interpretation of Irish historical past and its position within the upward thrust, growth, and decline of the British Empire.
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Additional info for Ireland and the British Empire (Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series)
Grenville’s aphorism of 1784 encapsulated the inherent diYculties within the Anglo-Irish dating. Ireland’s place in the eighteenth-century Empire was once much more not easy. the rustic was once, admittedly, ‘England’s oldest colony’, yet have been held instead of entirely ruled because the 12th century. in addition, considering 1541 eire had additionally constituted a country in its personal correct. This regal prestige, in addition to the (albeit Wtful) life of a Parliament of indisputable medieval origins which includes a home of Commons and condominium of Lords, appeared to mark eire oV decisively from each colony therefore bought via England, for they can in simple terms boast of varied Assemblies, councils, and courts. moreover, as an island mendacity heavily oV a bigger island itself situated simply oV continental Europe, eire conspicuously lacked the eighteenth-century colonial stereotypes (extreme temperatures, unique produce, curious animals, slavery, distance from the mummy country). in truth, the rustic grew not anything which can now not be had, at allegedly greater caliber, in England. real, there has been fertile land in abundance, and this was once an undoubted allure. yet whether eire were barren rock, its proximity to either continental Europe and to England intended that it constituted in English eyes an all-too-convenient base for international enemies and a possible haven for family rebels and malcontents. eire used to be easily ‘too near’, as Grenville remarked, to be left on my own by way of England or different eu powers: yet proximity and colonial prestige appeared at odds with each other. To paraphrase V. T. Harlow’s query, used to be there a spot for a colony at the This bankruptcy comprises new fabric, in particular at the Act of Union, into my unique bankruptcy in P. J. Marshall, ed. , The Oxford historical past of the British Empire (hereafter OHBE). Vol. II. The Eighteenth Century (Oxford, 1998), pp. 253–75. sixty two thomas bartlett doorstep of the mum state? 1 And if eire weren't a colony, may kingdoms, adjoining to each other, and below the only King, co-exist within the one Empire? one more worry lay within the proven fact that, in contrast to different colonies within the Atlantic international, the inhabitants of eire through the overdue 17th century resolutely resisted easy categorization into colonized and colonizer. faith, now not nationwide origins or maybe date of arrival, used to be to be the good divide: yet this isn't to assert that Protestant-Catholic hostility is the main to realizing Irish historical past during this interval. within the early eighteenth century Protestant eire used to be riven via competition among the contributors of the Presbyterian church and the adherents of the proven Church. The latter, referred to as through historians the Anglo-Irish, weren't in any respect disposed to percentage the culmination of the victories over the Catholic Irish on the Boyne (1690) and Aughrim (1691) with the mostly Scottish, anti-episcopal, and socially inferior Dissenters. consequently, whereas the Anglican governing e´lite within the 1690s introduced in penal legislation opposed to Catholics, it additionally legislated opposed to Presbyterians.