Download E-books The Muslim Discovery of Europe PDF

By Bernard Lewis

"Full of infrequent and specific information.... A individual work."—New York evaluate of Books

The eleventh-century Muslim international used to be a superb civilization whereas Europe lay napping at midnight a while. Slowly, unavoidably, Europe and Islam got here jointly, via alternate and battle, campaign and international relations. The ebb and move among those worlds for 700 years, illuminated right here through an excellent historian, is likely one of the nice sagas of global historical past. 30 black and white illustrations

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One of many sailors then leaps onto it and scratches its forehead vigorously. this offers excitement to the younger whale. Then the sailor areas the hook within the heart of the whale’s head, takes a robust, iron hammer and with it moves the hook thrice with the maximum power. The whale doesn't think the 1st blow, yet with the second one and 3rd it turns into significantly agitated, and occasionally it hits the various ships with its tail and shatters them. It is going on suffering till it really is conquer via exhaustion. Then the lads within the ships aid each other drag it alongside till they achieve the shore. occasionally the mum of the younger whale perceives his struggles and follows him. For this example they arrange an excellent volume of floor garlic, which they combine into the water. while she smells the smell of the garlic she reveals it revolting, turns round, and is going away. Then they chop up the flesh of the younger whale and salt it. Its flesh is as white as snow, and its dermis is as black as ink. 17 Ibn Yaūb’s account of whaling within the Irish Sea evidently has a few authentic base, and divulges wisdom that whales have moms and are stuck with harpoons. it really is uncertain, despite the fact that, no matter if he set foot in eire, and his account is perhaps secondhand. His description of Bohemia, however, is clearly in line with direct adventure: Bohemia: this is often the land of King Boyslav. Its size from the town of Prague to the town of Cracow is a three-week trip, and its march is lengthwise with the land of the Turks. town of Prague is outfitted of stone and chalk and is the richest in alternate of a majority of these lands. The Russians and the Slavs deliver items there from Cracow; Muslims, Jews, and Turks from the land of the Turks additionally convey items and marketplace weights; and so they hold away slaves, tin, and diverse sorts of fur. Their state is the easiest of all these of the Northern peoples, and the richest in provender. For one penny, adequate flour is offered there to suffice a guy for a month, and for a similar sum sufficient barley to fodder a driving animal for 40 nights; ten hens are bought there for one penny. within the urban of Prague they make saddles, bridles, and the flimsy leather-based bucklers which are utilized in these elements. And within the land of Bohemia they make gentle, superb kerchiefs like nets, embroidered with crescents that are of little need for something. Their rate there normally is ten kerchiefs for a penny. With those they exchange and care for each other and so they own vases of them. They regard them as cash, and the most expensive issues are received with them, wheat, slaves, horses, gold, silver, and all issues. it's notable that the folk of Bohemia are darkish and black-haired; blonds are infrequent between them…. 18 The Reconquest and the Crusades introduced Muslims and Westerners into nearer touch, in peace in addition to in struggle. during this interval one may count on the Muslims to have extra certain and extra actual wisdom in their ecu Christian neighbors—more sizeable info than the obscure studies, rumors, and imaginings of an prior time.

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